Belgaum district is located in the Northwest region of Karnataka State. The ancient name of the Belgaum was Venugrama (in Sanskrit) meaning village of Bamboos. Till 1961, Belgaum was a part of the Bombay state. With creation of states based on the languages, Belgaum was brought under Karnataka State.
The Government of Karnataka has proposed making Belgaum the second capital of Karnataka, hence a second state administrative building Suvarna Vidhana Soudha was inaugurated on 11 October 2012.
Earlier known as venugram, from the Sanskrit Velugrama, for Venugrama i.e., "Bamboo village". Of late, the city has carved itself a new name as "Kunda nagari" because of its famous sweet dish, Kunda, made with milk, sugar and spices. The city is also known as the "Sugar Bowl of Karnataka", and the district as the "Sugar District" because of the enormous scope of its sugarcane cultivation and production facilities. On November 1, 2014, the city's name was changed from Belgaum to Belagavi by the Karnataka government, with approval of the Central government of India along with 12 other cities.
Belagavi Fort or Belgaum Fort, is located in the city of Belagavi, in the Belagavi district, in Karnataka state, India. It was begun by Jaya Raya, also called Bichi Raja, an ally of the Ratta Dynasty, in the year 1204 AD. It has undergone several renovations over the centuries under different dynastic rulers of the region.
The fort, built with fine ramparts and a large moat, has a rich history with several historical and religious monuments dated to the Adil Shahi dynasty. The fort has been captured in battles many times, as the possession of local rulers, until the region was stabilized by the British Raj. It is also notable in modern history because Mahatma Gandhi was imprisoned by the British in this fort during India’s freedom struggle.
Kamal Basadi (Jain Temple): This temple is of 10th Centuary AD and is under the protection of Archeological Dept. This temple is near the Belgaum Main Bus Stand. The two temples in the fort are known as Kamal Basadi (Mandir) and chikki basadi. Kamal basadi is so called because of the Gumbaj of the temple in the form of the lotus of 72 petals. In this temple, the past present and future Tirthankars 24 for each period are shown on the 72 petals of the lotus flower. The stone carved Sinhasan of Bhagwan Neminath is very artistic. The pillars of the temple are decorated with carvings and brightly polished. The idol of Bhagwan Neminath was found in the Jungle about 200 years ago. The Idol and other statue are of 11CAD. There are idols of Bhagwan Sumatinath in standing posture; idol of Bhagwan Adinath in padamasan; idol of Bhagwan parsvanath under the shade of 7 hooded Nagraj and the idols of Navgraha is also worth seeing. This temple is under active puja.
Raja Lakhamagowda dam, also known as Hidkal dam, is a dam constructed across the Ghataprabha River in the Krishna River basin. It is situated at Hidkal village in Hukkeri Taluk of Belgaum district in North Karnataka, India. The dam with the height of 62.48 metres and 10 Vertical Crest Gates, impounds a large reservoir with a gross surface area of 63.38 Square kilometres, and storage capacity of 51.16 Tmcft. It is an earthen and masonry dam which caters to the Irrigation needs for over 8,20,000 acres, and Hydel power generation. It is constructed as a part of the Ghataprabha Irrigation project which was completed in three phases and finished in 2009. The dam is named after Raja Lakhamagowda Sardesai, philanthropist and Zamindar of Vantamuri.
Kittur, also known as Kitturu and historically as Kittoor, is a taluka in the Belgaum district of the South Indian state of Karnataka. It was part of Bailhongal taluka but was declared as an independent taluka on 23 October 2012 by the Chief Minister of Karnataka on the inauguration of Kittur Utsav. It is 177th Taluk of Karnataka State. It is a place of historical importance because of the armed rebellion of Kittur Chennamma (1778–1829), Raja of the State of Kittur against the British East India Company, during which a British Commissioner, St John Thackeray was killed.
The Gokak Falls is a waterfall located on the Ghataprabha River in Belagavi district of Karnataka, India. The waterfall is six kilometers away from Gokak town. After a long winding course, the Ghataprabha river takes a leap of 52 metres (171 ft) over the sand-stone cliff amidst a picturesque gorge of the rugged valley, resembling Niagara Falls on a smaller scale. The waterfall is horse shoe shaped at the crest, with a flood breadth of 177 metres (581 ft). During rainy season, the thick reddish brown water sweeps far over the brink of the cliff with a dull roar that can be heard from some distance. There is a hanging bridge across the river, measuring about 201 metres (659 ft). Its height above the rock bed is 14 metres (46 ft). There is an old electricity generation station and electricity was generated here for the first time in 1887.
Amboli is a hill station in south Maharashtra, India. At an altitude of 690 m (2,260 ft) it is the last hill station before the coastal highlands of Goa and a relatively unexplored one. Amboli lies in the Sahayadri Hills of Western India, one of the world's "Eco Hot-Spots" and it therefore abounds in a variety of fairly unusual flora and fauna. However, as in the other parts of the Sahaydri Hills, denudation of the forest cover and unregulated government assisted "development" (read "hotels, resorts & highways") are gradually ruining a once pristine environment. Historically, Amboli village came into being as one of the staging posts along the road from Vengurla port to the city of Belgaum, which was extensively used by the British to supply their garrisons in south and central India.
The Malaprabha dam is the shortest dam in Karnataka. It was built across the Malaprabha river in Belgaum. It is a tributary of the famous Krishna river. It is located in small town called Saundatti in Belagavi. This dam has been designed to meet the drinking water requirements of the people of Belgaum, Dharwad, Gadag and Bagalkot The Malaprabha River is a tributary of the Krishna River and flows through the state of Karnataka in India. It rises in the Western Ghats at an altitude of 792.4 m (2,600 ft) in the state's Belgaum district. The river joins Krishna River at Kudalasangama in Bagalkot district. Malaprabha flows a distance of 304 km (189 mi) from Kanakumbi-Khanapur-Soundatti (Malaprabha Dam)-Nargund-Pattadkal-Kudalasangam before joining river Krishna at an altitude of 488 metres (1,601 ft) at Kudala Sangama in Bagalkot district.